Are you experiencing a dull, severe, momentary, or persistent pain; perhaps on one side of your face or both?
Pain is a regular, though unwelcome reality for everyone. As with any other kind of pain, the first step in treating facial pain is a diagnosis. There are several likely causes of facial pain, including injury, infections, and nerve problems. So, how do you recognize the source of your facial pain?
Possible Causes of Facial Pain
There are some people who experience headaches a lot, which can lead to intense facial pain associated with a cluster headache or migraine. These headaches typically occur on one side of the face and head, with the pain focused around the eye area. There may also be some pain in the teeth and jaw area. This pain can be managed with painkillers, though it is best to visit a physician for proper diagnosis.
2. Dental Abscess
An abscessed tooth is one that has been infected so severely that bacteria has reached the blood vessel and nerve portion of the tooth as a result of periodontitis, advanced tooth decay, or a cracked tooth. The symptoms of dental abscess include excruciating and persistent pain, red gums, facial swelling, fever, and a bad taste in the mouth.
3. Sinus infections
Also referred to as sinusitis, these infections cause extensive facial pain, especially in the upper jaw and teeth. You can also experience some pressure around the cheeks and eyes, facial swelling, bad breath, ear pain, and fever. Pain due to sinusitis is usually confused with tooth pain because it appears at the sinus cavity, which is close to the roots of the upper molar teeth.
4. Dry Socket
A dry socket occurs when the blood clot after tooth extraction fails to form properly or gets displaced. The symptoms are similar to those of an abscess, and include throbbing pain, fever, swelling, and bad taste in your mouth.
5. Temporomandibular joint disorders
The temporomandibular joints (TMJ) play a vital role in opening and closing your mouth. So, any problem that interferes with the function of the TMJ can result in facial pain. There are many things that can affect your TMJ, including habitual teeth clenching and grinding; misaligned bite; dislocation; injury; and arthritis.
Facial pain can also be caused by Herpes Zoster or Trigeminal Neuralgia. Considering the numerous likely causes of facial pain, it is important that you visit your dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment. The American Dental Association (ADA) states that remedies for facial pain depend on the cause of the pain, and may include wearing a mouth guard, jaw exercises, or medications.